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Jurnal

Analisis Dampak Kebijakan Fiskal dan Sasaran Akhir Kebijakan Moneter Terhadap Pertumbuhan Inklusif di Indonesia, Malaysia, Qatar dan Saudi Arabia

Abstrak

In the last decade, a number of Muslim countries experience an unqualified economic growth due to the rising of inequalities. The Fiscal and monetary policy become an important instrument to promote the inclusive growth that provides equal opportunity for people to enjoy growth. This study empirically investigates the impacts of fiscal policy (spending on health and education) as well as the monetary policy target (inflation and domestic credit by banks) to inclusive growth in 4 selected OIC countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, Qatar, Saudi Arabia). The results of the study with Error Correction Model shows that health expenditures positively and significantly influences the inclusive growth in Malaysia and Qatar in the short and long term, while the education expenditures positively and significantly influences the inclusive growth in Indonesia and Saudi Arabia. Inflation is only significant in the long term, while the domestic credit positively and significantly affect the inclusive growth in Saudi Arabia, Malaysia and Qatar in the long term. Based on these results, it is required to review the portion of expenditure in both sectors and the efficiency of the allocation to support inclusive growth. In addition, the strengthening of monetary policy, political stability and country security, as well as the expansion of the financial sector (financial deepening) to reach all people in getting access to finance to support the achievement of inclusive growth.

Keyword

ECM; Domestic Credit; Government Spending; Inclusive Growth; Inflation


Tanggal Publikasi: 25 Januari 2023