Hasil Pencarian


Tanggal Publikasi: 3 Des 2012

Do Credit Channel and Interest Rate Channel Play Important Role in Monetary Transmission Mechanism in Indonesia? : A Structural Vector Autoregression Model

This paper assesses the importance role of two monetary transmission mechanism channels in managing inflation and contributing to economic growth, by employing Structural Vector Autoregression (SVAR) model. The monetary transmission channels are interest rate channel and credit-bank lending channel. The model is then solved by implementing forecasting error variance decomposition to investigate the contribution of each variables to both inflation and economic growth. It is shown that interest rate channel plays important role in monetary transmission mechanism for maintaining inflation but has limited role in the economic growth. In the other hand, credit-bank lending channel can effectively affect economic growth


Tanggal Publikasi: 2 Nov 2012


inerja bisnis berbasis shari> 'ah seharusnya diukur dengan sistem pengukuran kinerja berbasis maqasid shari> 'ah. Bisnis berbasis shari> 'ah yang diukur dengan menggunakan sistem pengukuran kinerja konvensional maka hasil pengukurannya menjadi bias. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur kinerja PT. Asuransi Takaful Keluarga (PT. ATK) dengan menggunakan mas}lah}a score card (MaSC). Penelitian menunjukan bahwa PT. ATK memiliki kinerja hasil 0,691. MaSC memiliki range kinerja hasil: 0,000 mengindikasikan bahwa bisnis tidak memberikan kemaslahatan dan 1,000 mengindikasikan bahwa bisnis memberikan kemaslahatan. PT. ATK memiliki kinerja: orientasi ibadah (0,110), orientasi proses internal (0,166), orientasi tenaga kerja (0,083), orientasi pembelajaran (0,166), orientasi pelanggan (0,083) dan orientasi harta kekayaan (0,083). PT. ATK memiliki kinerja proses sebesar 0,666. MaSC memiliki range kinerja proses: 0.000 mengindikasikan bahwa bisnis tidak melaksanakan MaSC dan 1.000 mengindikasikan bahwa bisnis telah melaksanakan MaSC secara penuh. PT. ATK memiliki kinerja proses: Mengidentifikasi fondasi kemaslahatan (0,111), Mendapatkan perilaku kemaslahatan (0,111), Menentukan sasaran strategis (0,111), Menentukan ukuran mas}lah}a (0,111), Menetapkan target (0,000), Menentukan inisiatif strategis (0,111), Melakukan pengukuran kinerja (0,111), Melakukan evaluasi hasil pengukuran (0,00), Melakukan perbaikan dan peningkatan (0,000)


Tanggal Publikasi: 1 Okt 2012

Shari'ah parameters for the application of Wadi'ah concept in traditional family takaful products

The objective of the paper is to set parameters for the application of wadi'ah concept in family takaful which is the alternative of guaranteed benefits (non-participating benefits) of life insurance for family takaful. The paper uses analytical and evaluative approach to set parameters to ensure Shari'ah compliancy of the product and therefore, classical and modern Islamic jurisprudence literatures has been reviewed. The wadi'ah-based family takaful product allows various forms of guaranteed benefits (non-participating benefits) to be offered to participants in a manner similar to their conventional counterparts. However, there are some guidelines that should be followed. Every contract should be executed separately to avoid Shari'ah prohibition. Different types of funds need to be separated as well. Takaful Operators (TOs) can provide guaranteed cash surrender benefits only from the Participants' Wadi'ah Fund (PWF). Finally, Takaful Operators (TOs) should be transparent in the dripping process and charges. Takaful Operators (TOs) should be transparent in taking charges for managing wadi'ah funds, sharing investment profit ratio under mudarabah contract and sharing surplus from the tabarru' fund. The study would serve the needs of the takaful industry, particularly family takaful, in order for them to avoid Shari'ah compliance risk. Key words: Takaful, wadi'ah, tabarru', Participants' Wadi'ah Fund, Shari'ah Parameter


Tanggal Publikasi: 15 Sep 2012

Maslaha Scorecard, Sistem Pengukuran Kinerja Bisnis Berbasis Maqosid Shariah

Institusi bisnis berbasis shari>’ah saat ini tumbuh dengan pesatnya, namun sayang kinerjanya belum dapat diukur dengan tepat karena belum ada metode pengukuran kinerja yang cocok untuk bisnis berbasis shari>’ah. Masih minimnya penelitian tentang pengukuran kinerja bisnis berbasis shari>’ah menyebabkan kinerja bisnis berbasis shari>’ah belum dapat diukur dengan akurat. Beberapa usaha telah dilakukan untuk mengukur kinerja bisnis shari>’ah tetapi karena metode pengukurannya menggunakan pengukuran kinerja bisnis konvensional sehingga hasil pengukuran kinerja cenderung tidak tepat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengusulkan metode pengukuran kinerja bisnis berbasis shari>’ah dengan pendekatan mas}lah}ah sesuai maqosid shari>’ah. Penelitian ini merupakan pengembangan dari pengukuran kinerja bisnis Balanced Scorecard (BSC) dan Malcolm Baldrige Criteria for Performance Excellence merujuk pada konsep mas}lah}ah. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa konsep mas}lah}ah dapat dijadikan sebagai dasar pengukuran kinerja bisnis berbasis shari>’ah secara tepat berlandaskan maqosid shari>’ah. Pengukuran kinerja bisnis berbasis shari>’ah dilakukan dengan sembilan langkah pengukuran kinerja: Mengidentifikasi item yang seharusnya ada pada orientasi mas}lah}ah, Mendapatkan perilaku yang dibutuhkan bagi tercapainya orientasi mas}lah}ah, Menentukan sasaran strategis orientasi mas}lah}ah, Menentukan ukuran (measures) untuk mengukur kinerja mas}lah}ah, Menetapkan target yang ingin dicapai, Menentukan inisiatif strategis yang akan dilakukan untuk mencapai target, Melakukan pengukuran kinerja, Melakukan evaluasi hasil pengukuran kinerja, Melakukan perbaikan dan peningkatan Kinerja bisnis berbasis shari>’ah diukur pada masing-masing aspek mas}lah}ah yaitu orientasi ibadah mengukur kinerja agama, orientasi proses internal mengukur kinerja jiwa, orientasi tenaga kerja mengukur kinerja keturunan, orientasi pembelajaran mengukur kinerja akal, orientasi harta kekayaan mengukur kinerja harta. Oleh karena bisnis tidak dapat dilepaskan dari pelanggan sehingga kinerja aspek pelanggan harus diukur dengan orientasi pelanggan. Pengukuran kinerja bisnis ini dinamakan Mas}lah}ah Scorecard.


Tanggal Publikasi: 5 Agt 2012

Islamic Economics for the Needy: Prospect and Challenges in Islamic Microinsurance in Indonesia

Shariah-compliance could be a positive element towards the realization of the poverty alleviation in the developing economy. By this spirit, the number of Micro Islamic Financial Institutions has grown significantly. It proves the alignment between Islamic economics and the subsistence society. By February 2012, there are about 344 sharia cooperation and 5000 Islamic Micro Financial Institution spread all over Indonesia.

Other than needs for financial access, low income society also needs for insurance services. The poor face more potential risks compared to the wealthy, yet they are more vulnerable to the same risks for they don’t have enough resources to cover them.

As microinsurance until now is a relatively new concept within the microfinance industry only few MFIs offer insurance products. The first Islamic Microinsurance was established in 1997 in Lebanon (Erlbeck et.all, 2011). Later, other majority Muslim populated countries started to establish the Islamic microinsurance service providers around 2010; Indonesia, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Bahrain and Pakistan (Patel, n.a.; ICMIF takaful, 2010). In Indonesia, there are now two existing providers and one other new comer yet to offer the Islamic microinsurance service.

This research will study the prospect and challenges for the Islamic microinsurance service in Indonesia. To achieve the goal, focus will be given to observing and exploring problems and challenges encountered in providing the service, and so the proper order of priorities and potential solutions could be given in order to broaden the untapped market segment. Thus, the significance of this research is to put effort on decreasing the gap between the big population of Muslim in Indonesia and the number of Islamic microinsurance service provider.

Both primary and secondary data are utilized to explore the problems, challenges, and alternatives of solution of providing Islamic microinsurance services. Some suggestions are made for the sustainability of the present findings. Row data will be gathered through depth interviews and questionnaires mainly containing 2 questions about the problem and potential solution in developing Islamic microinsurance in Indonesia. Interviewees included experts; some of them are managers in Islamic Microfinancial institutions, and some others are academician and researchers.

The ANP approach allows us to use quantitative and qualitative information; this makes this methodology more flexible. The method will contribute many advantages since this research counts on the experts’ perception for making estimations. The process of ANP comprises four major steps, which are: 1) Model construction and problem structuring, where the problems and challenges will be decomposed into a rational system like a network; 2) Pairwise comparisons matrices and priority vectors; 3) Supermatrix formation; and 4) Selection of best alternatives (Chung et al, 2006).

The remainder of this research will be structured as follows: Section two will discuss the theories underpinning the study. Section three will make an overview of Islamic microfinance with brief discussion on the profile of the Islamic microinsurance providers in Indonesia. Section four will discusses the methodology used for the study while section five will present the findings. Section six will highlight the limitation of the study while section seven will conclude.


Tanggal Publikasi: 1 Agt 2012

 Critical Study of Ibn Sina's Economic Ideas

This study explores the economic ideas of Ibn S!na in household and political economies. The study also discusses the relevance of Ibn Slna's economic ideas on modem micro and macroeconomics ideas. According to Sabri Orman, the economic ideas of Ibn S!na can be traced and found in his practical philosophy, which is divided into three headings: Akhlaq (ethics), 'ilm Tadbir al-Manzil (economics) and 'ilm Tadbir al-Madlnah (politics). This study explains that household and political economies should be handled together, centered on Islamic values in the state. Findings of this study explain that the economic ideas of Ibn Slna are mostly related to the literature of 'ilm Tadbir al-Manzil (economics) and 'ilm Tadbir al-Madlnah (politics) that are related to modem micro and macro economics. Firstly, Ibn S!na's microeconomics focuses on man as the agent of economy and his own activity in managing wealth. This gives us a model of managing wealth from Ibn Slna that consists of kasb (earning) and infliq (spending). The kasb (earning) is from al-tijarah (trade) and a/--ina 'at (manufacturing skills), while the infaq is the function of in{aq ijtima'I (common expenditure), in{aq dfni (religious expenditure) and al-iddikhar (savings). The kasb and the infaq are important variables of managing wealth. Secondly, Ibn Slna's macroeconomics focuses on the government's role on welfare in the state by regulating the law of economy, providing job opportunities and ensuring social security. This concept emphasizes that the state should also be responsible for social interests (ma=alih mushtarakah) and common funds (mal mushtarak) to conduct a balanced economy in society. This macroeconomics can be associated with the concept of the welfare state in today's world. Lastly, Ibn Slna's idea in economics is still relevant in the implementation of contemporary Islamic economics.


Tanggal Publikasi: 12 Jun 2012

Public Wealth Management by Baitul Mal and Legal Constraint

Baitul-Mal is normally known as a charitable institution. This point is true because presently Baitul-Mal role is more prominent in terms of providing assistance and charity contributions and donations to the public. In essence, the original scope of Baitul-Mal covers a wider role compared to the current concept of Baitul-Mal. If we view from the context of Baitul-Mal at the early Islam, it turns out that Baitul-Mal is the only and center for the treasury of the state, but in the Malaysian context, scope and functions of Baitul-Mal are limited by the legal constraint. This paper is aimed to analyze the legal constraint and propose some procedures to empower the function and resources mobilization of Baitul-Mal. This paper will also expose that to improve the functions it can be done by using Islamic financial instruments


Tanggal Publikasi: 6 Jan 2012

Improving Sharia Risk Compliance: Proposing Daily Index for Mudharaba Contract in Islamic Banks in Indonesia

Objective–The objective of this paper is to analyze the profit distribution method applied in Islamic banks in Indonesia and to propose better method in order to improve sharia risk compliance.

Methods–Employing a descriptive quantitative method and literature review. This paper evaluate weaknesses of the current profit distribution method and proposes daily revenue index to solve the problems arising from using current method which is unfairness between bank and customers. Results–By the two current profit distribution methods which use monthly revenue index calculated only at the end of the month, there are potential injustices occur. Therefore, instead of using monthly index, daily index is proposed. There are two steps in calculating profit distribution by using daily revenue index:(1) Accumulating Source of Fund (SoF), Reserve Requirement (RR), and Source of Fund after Reserve Requirement (SoFaRR), and (2) Determining Average Financing (AF), Revenue Index (RI), Cost Index (CI), Revenue Sharing Index (RSI), and Profit Sharing Index (PSI).

Conclusion-Daily revenue index will solve the unfairness problems arise from current profit distribution method applied in Islamic banks. Daily revenue index is also applicable if Islamic banks apply profit and loss sharing instead of revenue sharing.


Tanggal Publikasi: 1 Jan 2012


The concepts of mutual assistance and charity often come to mind when takÉful (Islamic insurance) is mentioned. This is understandable given that takÉful, in the generic sense, has played an essential role in risk sharing in Muslim history. However, another feature has been added to the modern practice of takÉful. The current takÉful scheme has added the investment element to its products, one of a number of features that it shares with conventional insurance. The investment feature has become an inherent part of takÉful activities, departing from its original core roles of providing mutual guarantee, assistance and solidarity. This is most apparent when looking at family takÉful where the participant’s fund is segregated into two pools: the participant’s risk fund (PRF) and the participant’s investment fund (PIF). The offering of a number of investment-linked products in the market has led to making the takÉful scheme more appealing and competitive. This evolution has been the result of a natural progression to ensure that takÉful operations remain continuously viable and compatible in the current economic and social environment


Tanggal Publikasi: 1 Jan 2012


Most life (family) takÉful products today are structured on the form of unit-linked or investment-linked models. This essentially means that there is a clear segregation between the investment fund and the takÉful or tabarruÑ fund. Indeed, the concept of takÉful, which is premised on the principle of tabarruÑ, makes it convenient for family takÉful operators to adopt the investment-linked conventional life insurance model. However, when it comes to traditional conventional life insurance products, family takÉful seems to be lagging behind. This is due to some inherent features of traditional life insurance that cannot be replicated in family takÉful product design, such as the various guaranteed benefits, in the form of cash values, besides the normal contingency benefits (i.e., benefits linked to misfortunes of the participants such as death, disability, sickness, etc.) that are structured in traditional life insurance products. The paper studies how family takÉful can be competitively structured in a manner that allows various competitive product features demanded by the public to be offered, features that resemble those of traditional life insurance, without in any way violating SharÊÑah principles. In particular, the wadÊÑah concept is proposed to be adopted in family takÉful product design, as it will allow various forms of guaranteed benefits (non-participating benefits) to be offered to participants in a manner similar to their conventional counterparts. The paper argues that the cash values in the wadÊÑah fund are similar to the non-forfeiture benefit in a traditional life plan. However, it is important to note that there is a fundamental difference between these products, i.e. takÉful and conventional life insurance. Whilst the latter is based on a purchase-and-sale arrangement, the former is based on the principle of tabarruÑ, by which participants cooperate to help and indemnify one another on the basis of charitable spirit.


Tanggal Publikasi: 1 Jan 2012

Examining investment initiative in Takaful operation: issues, constraints and the way forward

Investment activity is a new added feature in takaful operations nowadays, departing from its original role: protection. The paper aims to examine the concept and mechanism of investment initiative undertaken by takaful operators (TOs). It also identifies some issues surrounding its practice, i.e Shari'ah, operational, and legal issues. The Shari'ah issues identified in the paper are inter alia the issues of income purification, fee for managing muIErabah investment fund, investing Participant's Risk Fund (PRF), and fee for fund manager. Meanwhile, the prevailing operational issues addressed in this paper are limited investment avenue, investment fund monitoring, issue of participants’ involvement, investment cross borders, and asset liability mismatch. Furthermore, the legal issues highlighted in the paper are the issue of takaful structure and Shari'ah governance framework


Tanggal Publikasi: 1 Jan 2012

VAR and VECM Models on Factors Influencing Performance of Indonesian Islamic Banks

Purpose: The main purpose of this research is to analyse factors influencing the growth of Islamic banks’ assets in Indonesia. 

Design/methodology/approach: The research adopts Granger Causality Test under Vector Auto-Regression (VAR) method and then it adopts Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) through Impulse Response Function (IRF) and Forecasted Error Variance Decomposition (FEVD) analyses. 

Findings: Granger Causality Test concludes that industrial production has a-directional relationship with asset growth that supports better economic growth stimulates investment and 41 savings. But not the other way, the test does not show that asset growth causes industrial production index in the country. The finding also confirms that market share of Islamic banks’ asset of even 3.9% in 2012 is still too small to create impact to production output in the country. The VECM model through its IRF and FEVD explains that inflation and interest rate are major variables that negatively affect the asset growth while industrial production, human capital, and office branch excluding channelling contribute positively. 

Research Limitations: This research is only limited to the discussion of the asset growth of Islamic banks and may not represent a fair assessment of overall performance of Islamic banks during the period of the research. 

Originality/value: This paper aims to offer analysis method in examining asset growth of Islamic banks in Indonesia from year 2004 to 2012 that may be useful to be applied in other country where Islamic banks also operate.


Tanggal Publikasi: 1 Des 2011

Analisis determinan peringkat sukuk dan peringkat obligasi di Indonesia

This study attempts to analyze the determinants of sukuk and bond rating in Indonesia. The purpose of this study is to determine factors influencing sukuk and bond rating using separate test. The study uses financial and non financial ratios such as company growth, firm size, profitability, liquidity, leverage ratio, and sukuk and bond maturity. This study examines corporate sukuk and bond that listed from 2004-2006 (9 sukuk and 15 bonds) at Indonesian Stock Exchange for the period of 2007-2009. This research employs ordinal logistic regression. The result of the study reveales that only firm size variable determines sukuk rating while others are not (growth, profitability, liquidity, leverage ratio and maturity). Firm size, profitability, and maturity influences the bond rating above 5 years while growth, liquidity, and leverage ratio are not significantly influence the bond rating.


Tanggal Publikasi: 8 Apr 2011


In Indonesia, Islamic banking shows a progressive performance with a robust performance of banking indicators. Its operations engage non bank financial institutions, Islamic money and capital market and takaful (Islamic insurance) with the ultimate target of financing the real sector and improving the economy. However, there are still some challenges to be solved in particular the small market share, lack of human resources and, lack of product development. Some recommended actions are proposed in the paper to mitigate those problems and foster the development of the Islamic banking industry


Tanggal Publikasi: 22 Feb 2011

Depositors' withdrawal behavior in Islamic banking: case of Indonesia


Islamic banks need to manage depositors' deposit withdrawals in a well manner in order to be able to optimize depositors' funds in their portfolio financing. Taking into account the Indonesian Islamic banking industry as a study case, this paper attempts to analyze the depositors' withdrawal behavior. Moreover, it also analyzes the responses of Islamic banks to mitigate such deposit withdrawals.


First, the paper accommodates the flow of funds of the Indonesian Islamic banking operations. Second, it formulates a liability side model of the competitive Islamic banking industry referring to some ideas from the conventional models. Then, the paper uses linear probability model (LPM) to identify depositors' withdrawal behavior and to analyze the responses of Islamic banks to mitigate deposit withdrawals.


It is found that depositors withdraw their money if: Islamic banks do not generate incomes from their financing; interest rate goes up; and total deposits tend to decrease. As such, Islamic banks have to anticipate this withdrawal behavior by doing two actions: reserving some liquidity and adjusting return sharing ratio to depositors. The output of this paper should benefit the policy markers and Islamic banks to understand depositors' behavior in withdrawing money and determine appropriate policies to manage it.


The best of author's knowledge, this is the first paper trying to analyze the depositors' withdrawal behavior with LPM model taking into account the Indonesian Islamic banking industry.


Tanggal Publikasi: 1 Jan 2011

The Quran and Poverty Alleviation: A Theoretical Model for Charity-Based Islamic Microfinance Institutions (MFIs)

The Quran prohibits interest and encourages trade and charity as alternates. This article seeks guidance from the verses of the Quran and develops a theoretical model of charity-based Islamic microfinance institutions (MFIs), which can be used as an alternative approach to reduce poverty. The article argues that charity-based Islamic MFIs will be financially and socially sustainable as these are to be based on the concepts of brotherhood, local philanthropy, and volunteer services. Charity-based Islamic MFIs will provide money for consumption as well as production purposes and, thus, can broadly target the economic and social needs of the poorest of the poor. They can help minimize indebtedness and reduce unequal distribution of wealth in society.


Tanggal Publikasi: 1 Jan 2011

Bringing Work Back In Islamic Perspectives

Religion and work are seldom discussed. The two have caused scholars to question the religion’s role with work. This paper reviews research on the integrate between religion and work by examining issues of concept, definition, measurement, and reviewing research that examines the relationship of work and religion with respect to: different times, types of people, organize human interactions and sources of knowledge. We then discuss the methodological requirement for reintegrating work studies into social institutional theory and indicate what the conceptual payoffs of such integration might be. These payoffs include breaking new conceptual ground, resolving theoretical puzzles and envisioning the nature of new social institutions.


Tanggal Publikasi: 1 Jan 2011

The Indonesian Islamic banking theory and practices : theory and practices / Rifki Ismail

By reading this book, you might understand liquidity management, risk management and deposit characteristics of Islamic banks. Also, you will have a better understanding on Islamic monetary operations in case of Indonesia and from theoretical perspective.


Tanggal Publikasi: 1 Jan 2011

Understanding characteristics of depositors to develop the Indonesian Islamic banks

This paper studies characteristics of banking depositors referring to some survey literatures on Indonesian Islamic banking industry. Then, the output of such literatures is used to construct and propose an integrated program to develop the Indonesian Islamic banking industry. Particularly, the paper investigates the understanding of depositors with regard to Islamic banking institution, segmentation of depositors, depositors’ investment and liquidity behavior. Finally, an integrated program is composed of:(a) socializing the operations and benefits of Islamic banks;(b) educating the banking depositors and;(c) maintaining the loyalty of depositors.


Tanggal Publikasi: 1 Jan 2011

Bisnis Jamur Tiram di Rumah Sendiri

Cara budidaya jamur tiram bisa kamu praktikkan di rumah. Sebagai salah satu jamur yang bisa dikonsumsi dengan berbagai manfaat kesehatan, jamur tiram digemari banyak orang. Tidak heran, banyak yang membudidayakannya. Jamur tiram identik dengan bentuknya yang putih, lebar, tumbuh bergerombol seperti payung, dan bentuknya yang menyerupai cangkang tiram. Ada banyak jenis jamur tiram, mulai dari jamur tiram abu-abu, tiram putih, cokelat, dan juga emas