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Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 1 Agt 2023

Unlocking Inclusive Growth: The Impact of Shariah Investment in Indonesia

This study aims to examine the role of Shariah investment in inclusive growth in Indonesia. Shariah investment is measured through Shariah stocks and Sukuk. The study also adds several control variables adopted from separate literature, including the effect of the Covid-19 pandemic, as determinants of inclusive growth. Unlike previous studies, testing is employed using several different measurements of inclusive growth. Using principal component analysis (PCA) to measure the composite index of inclusive growth and time series regression models with monthly data at the national level throughout 2011-2022, this study produces several main findings. There is evidence that Shariah investment plays a role in inclusive growth in Indonesia, although the results are quite varied. Shariah stocks were found to play a significant role in reducing poverty and unemployment, while Sukuk played a role in reducing poverty and inequality. At the same time, both were able to promote the strengthening of the Human Development Index (HDI) and overall quality of inclusive growth. This study also found that the Covid-19 pandemic was significant in suppressing the performance of inclusive growth in Indonesia.

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 1 Agt 2023

 How do Islamic banks manage liquidity risk? An empirical survey on the Indonesian Islamic banking industry

This paper is an empirical survey of Indonesian Islamic bank’s depositors and Islamic bankers. By using an online questionnaire posted in survey website provider, namely www.surveymonkey.com, the survey was conducted from January to March 2009. There are 408 depositors and 17 Islamic bankers (Directors, General Managers, Head of Risk Management Team/Division) who participated in the survey. All (five) Islamic banks (BUS) and twelve Islamic banking unit (UUS) have been represented and all banker respondents correspond to 97% of all Islamic banking institutions. Every individual and Islamic banker had the same chance to be selected since there is no category of respondent (simple random sampling).

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 1 Agt 2023

Annuity and proportional pattern on murabahah financing and its effect on achievement of target market share islamic bank

Acceleration of Islamic banking in Indonesia is still slowed down so the target of Islamic banking Market Share of 5% has not been met. One factor that into the size of the increase in the Market Share of Islamic banking is the amount of financing (Murabaha) provided by Islamic banks. The purpose of this study is to examine the annuity and proportionate pattern in Murabaha financing and its impact on the achievement of the target Market Share of Islamic banks the period January 2001 - March 2015 resulting in a range of markup and the Down Payment (DP) policy which is ideal for the financing pattern annuity and proportionate in Murabaha Islamic banking in achieving Market Share targets. The analytical method used is the simulation of Murabaha financing. The results shows that the financing annuity and proportionate pattern in Murabaha Islamic banking with a mark-up consumer credit rate and DP 10% experienced an upward trend although the increase is still volatile from 2001 to 2015. The financing annuity and proportionately pattern significant in realizing the target achievement banking Market Share sharia 5%. This is due to the increase in total profit and total assets of Islamic banking due to the percentage mark up consumer credit rate more than 10% DP, Acceleration of Islamic banking in Indonesia is still slowed down so the target of Islamic banking Market Share of 5% has not been met. One factor that into the size of the increase in the Market Share of Islamic banking is the amount of financing (Murabaha) provided by Islamic banks. The purpose of this study is to examine the annuity and proportionate pattern in Murabaha financing and its impact on the achievement of the target Market Share of Islamic banks the period January 2001 - March 2015 resulting in a range of markup and the Down Payment (DP) policy which is ideal for the financing pattern annuity and proportionate in Murabaha Islamic banking in achieving Market Share targets. The analytical method used is the simulation of Murabaha financing. The results shows that the financing annuity and proportionate pattern in Murabaha Islamic banking with a mark-up consumer credit rate and DP 10% experienced an upward trend although the increase is still volatile from 2001 to 2015. The financing annuity and proportionately pattern significant in realizing the target achievement banking Market Share sharia 5%. This is due to the increase in total profit and total assets of Islamic banking due to the percentage mark up consumer credit rate more than 10% DP]

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 1 Agt 2023

Determinants of Islamic Performance Ratio in Islamic Banks with Return on Assets as Moderating Factor

The plan of the Indonesian government that wants to make Indonesia the center of the world's Islamic economy and finance must be supported by all stakeholders. Therefore, as one of the vital elements in the Islamic financial ecosystem, Islamic banks need to have an excellent performance to increase the trust of the national and international community. In addition, Islamic banks with different operational principles from conventional banks should have different performance measurements compared to performance measurements from conventional banks. The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors that can potentially affect the Islamic Performance Ratio (IPR). These factors include independent variables consisting of financing, the distribution ratio (Financing to Deposit Ratio-FDR), labor cost ratio (LCR), promotion cost ratio (PCR), financing quality ratio (Non-Performing Financing-NPF), ratio distribution of financing to micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) and Return on Assets (ROA). Furthermore, to determine the relationship between financial performance indicators in

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 31 Jul 2023

Tujuan penelitian yaitu mengembangkan model inovasi financial technology Fintech Micro BMT (FIT) lembaga keuangan mikro syariah Baitul Maal wa Tamwil (BMT) skala APEX asosiasi. Penelitian menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan teknik analisis deskriptif. Data yang digunakan adalah data primer dari wawancara dan data sekunder dari studi literatur. Analisis inovasi model dilakukan menggunakan kerangka kerja Business Model Canvas, digambarkan dalam prototipe dasar aplikasi dan fitur skema bisnis, kemudian dilengkapi dengan penjelasan sistem akuntansi pelaporan keuangan sederhana BMT dan UMKM, serta model credit scoring. Hasil dari penelitian ini yaitu suatu model Fintech Micro BMT yang memaksimalkan utilitas fungsi komersial BMT (memperluas market share) dan sosial (ZISWAF), mengatasi masalah kesenjangan likuiditas (mismatch). Kedua fungsi tersebut didukung dengan manajemen bisnis dan pelaporan akuntansi serta model credit scoring yang profesional. Fintech Micro BMT juga mewujudkan misi triple bottom line BMT yaitu pengembangan ekonomi, pemberdayaan masyarakat, dan dakwah untuk dapat berkelanjutan. Penggunaan Fintech Micro BMT diharapkan dapat membantu BMT meningkatkan perannya dalam memperluas jaringan keuangan mikro syariah, mendorong kolaborasi antar BMT di Indonesia, meningkatkan volume transaksi keuangan BMT dan mengintegrasikan para pelaku UMKM sebagai penerima pembiayaan dan donatur ZISWAF dengan BMT, mendorong pasar lebih transparan, serta mengurangi risiko asimetri informasi dalam proses pemberian pembiayaan.

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 30 Jul 2023

Analisis Efektifitas Distribusi Dana Zakat pada Baitul Mal Tazkia dengan Zakat Core Principles (ZCP)

The purpose of this research was to examine the effectiveness of the distribution of zakat funds at Baitul Maal Tazkia.  The method used is Mixed Method (qualitative and quantitative), which primary data is generated from the observations, direct documentation, interviews with the Chairman or Staff of Baitul Māl Tazkia, and secondary data is from literature studies related to the topic.  The quantitative method that uses the 10th Zakat Core Principle measurement ratio is DCR (Disbursement Collection Ratio). Based on ZCP, the effectiveness of Baitul Maal Tazkia's distribution of zakat funds for 4 years of operation is 55% or is included in the Fairly Effective category (quite effective) where the Disbursement Collection Ratio (DCR) reaches 50-69 percent, with the amount collected during the 2017 to 2017 period.  2020 amounting to Rp 4,536,153,278.  The distribution amount for 2017 to 2020 is IDR 2,472,687,990

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 30 Jul 2023

Decoding Islamic Wealth Management from Qur’anic Texts

Islamic wealth management is one of the new emerging financial service industries that attract many wealthy people to trust their assets managed in accordance with Islamic values and principles. Islamic wealth management is distinct from the conventional conception of wealth management from the philosophical foundation. Therefore, Islamic wealth management’s philosophical foundation is fundamental to understanding wealth management from the Islamic perspective. The paper aims to redefine the contemporary concept of wealth management from an Islamic perspective derived from the Qur’anic perspective. The finding shows that Islamic conception of wealth management from Qur’anic framework is very comprehensive that cover all philosophical foundation; ontology, epistemology, and axiology. The Islamic wealth management process contends three aspects: (1) wealth creation, (2) spending

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 30 Jul 2023

Determinants of Micro and Small Enterprise’s Interest to Participate in Self-Declare Halal Certification

The Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) market share is expected to increase with the halal certification of their products and services. However, MSEs have limited resources. In response, the Government introduced a self-declare halal certification program in 2022. From the total number of MSEs, which reached 8.7 million units as of March 2023, only about 79 thousand have self-declare halal certificates. Therefore, this study aims to analyze internal and external factors that influence the interest of  MSEs towards halal certification through a self-declare scheme. The study involves 86 MSEs respondents from Bogor, West Java. Using Partially Least Square (PLS) with a second-order approach. The findings reveal that internal factors marginally affect MSE's interest to pursue self-declare halal certification. The three strongest indicators of internal factors are: (1) improving human resource performance, (2) increasing efficiency and financial returns, and (3) awareness of religiosity. Interestingly, external factors do not influence the interest of MSEs to obtain self-declare halal certification, except for government policy, which significantly impact the intention in the first-order test. The main implication of this research is the importance of more substantial government support to help MSEs obtaining halal certification such as socialization, training as well as mentoring Halal Self Declare Certification at an affordable cost.

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 26 Jul 2023

Analysis on Determinants in Implementation of Accounting Standards for Islamic Financial Institutions; Narrative Study between United Kingdom and Indonesia

The main objective of this paper is to analyse determinants that influence implementation of accounting standards for Islamic financial institutions by examining the history of accounting standards and two different contexts as applied to Islamic financial institutions in the United Kingdom and Indonesia. The paper explores available texts and literature mainly from international journals and text books. Employing the Ibn Khaldun perspective, this study analyses two determinants i.e. institutional setting that may be suitable in the context of the United Kingdom, and accounting needs in the case of Indonesia. The research shows the determinants are well fitted with interdisciplinary characters of Ibn Khaldun model of civilization i.e. G = f(S, N, W, j and g). This explains a civilized society is led by the political authority (G) which is influenced concurrently by factors such as the direction of Shari’ah (S), the role of people (N), the use of wealth (W), the development of a country (g), and the promotion of justice (j). This paper has practical significance for accounting standard setters in the Islamic finance industry and policy makers, for understanding the environmental determinant perspective of the country and using this perspective for positioning important aspect in accounting standard setting, developing policies; and articulating procedures to maximize development of Islamic finance.

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 26 Jul 2023

Penilaian Konsep Qard dan Ijarah dalam Dana Talangan Haji Indonesia: Suatu Keterangan Konseptual

Perbankan syariah adalah institusi yang memberikan layanan kepada masyarakat baik melalui penghimpunan dana (pelaburan), penyaluran dana (pembiayaan) dan jasa layanan perbankan lainnya yang berdasarkan syariat Islam. Dalam menyalurkan dana, produk yang ditawarkan adalah akad dengan skim qard dan ijarah. Makalah ini bertumpu kepada akad qard dan ijarah yang dijalankan oleh institusi perbankan syariah di Indonesia dalam dana talangan haji. Dana talangan haji ini bersumber dari fatwa Dewan Syariah Nasional (DSN) Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI) No. 29/DSN-MUI/VI/2002 yang didasarkan kepada al-Quran. Fatwa tersebut menuai perbedaan pendapat dari banyak ulama sekarang. Hasil kajian dijangka dapat menghasilkan kerangka konseptual berkaitan kesesuaian antara akad qardh dan ijarah yang difatwakan oleh DSN MUI dengan pendapat para ulama baik ulama klasik maupun ulama kontemporer.

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 26 Jul 2023

Hubungan Langsung dan tidak Langsung antara Partisipasi Anggaran dan Kinerja Manajerial Melalui Komitmen Organisasi pada Industri Perbankan Syariah di Indonesia

This research attempts to examine whether organizational commitment mediate the relationship between budgetary participation and managerial performance (indirect relationships), and examines the existence of code of ethics as control variable both in direct and indirect relstionship between budgetary participation and managerial performance in Indonesian Sharia Banking Industry. A path analysis is used to examine the direct and indirect effects of budgetary participation on managerial performance. There is a direct relationship between budgetary participation and managerial performance, but not supported code of ethics as control variable. Budgetary participation affects organizational commitment. There is no relationship between organizational commitment and managerial performance so indirect relationship between budgetary participation and managerial perfomance through organizational commitment is not supported. This research only involved one moderating variable, organizational commitment, when other researchs could bring another moderating variables to examine indirect relationship between budgetary participation and managerial performance. Budgetary participation improves managerial performance in Indonesia Sharia Banking directly as a consequence of management involvement in the budgetary process

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 24 Jul 2023

The impacts of Covid-19 on macroeconomic indicators and the performance of Islamic banks in Indonesia

The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of the impact of Covid-19 on the macroeconomic indicators and financial performance of Islamic banks in Indonesia. The results of this study may serve as a reference for the Indonesian government and Islamic banks’ stakeholders in formulating strategic decisions in creating innovative solutions during the Covid-19 pandemic. Quantitative research method with 2 approaches, namely Partial Least Square-Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) and Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) was selected for this study. This study demonstrated that macroeconomic indicators were significantly affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. However, the results of the ANN and PLS-SEM models varied. The PLS-SEM model illustrated the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic affecting the performance of Islamic banking, while the ANN model did not. This research has implications for stakeholders, especially the government to maintain macroeconomic stability, while for Islamic banking management to focus more on product innovation and service excellence so that it can be closer to the public, especially Muslims community. Numerous studies examining macroeconomics and the financial performance of Islamic banking have been conducted. This study aimed to offer an alternative perspective by using two models, namely PLS-SEM and ANN.

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 20 Jul 2023

Industri Halal dan Ekonomi Digital : Peluang Bisnis dan Karir di Masa Depan

This community service aims to socialize future business and career opportunities in the halal industry and digital economy to 12th grade high school students at 5 Islamic schools spread across 3 districts in West Sumatra Province. In addition, this activity also aims to socialize the Tazkia Islamic Institute. This activity was carried out in the form of an offline seminar at the five schools.

Pengabdian

Tanggal Publikasi: 20 Jul 2023

Implementasi Akuntansi Syariah Dan Pelaporan Keuangan Organisasi Mahasiswa

Lack of accounting skills in organizational activities, to be able to focusand be able to focus on developing cognitive skills and practice in accounting, the focus of this service is planned in the form of providing sharia accounting training for organizations in theory and practice using the Microsoft Excel application. Microsoft excel was chosen because it is more efficient and very familiar among students in implementing sharia accounting in student organizations. The result of this program is that student organizations have financial reports based on accounting and sharia principles to be accountable to members or campus management. The funds obtained are a mandate from members (students). Then it is necessary to manage funds that are transparent and can be accounted for both in general accounting theory and sharia accounting. Any activity that uses funds should not escape sharia principles. This service program aims to provide insight and training in the implementation of sharia accounting in student organizations. the result of this program is that student organizations havefinancial reports based on accounting and sharia principles to be accountable to members or campus management

Pengabdian

Tanggal Publikasi: 20 Jul 2023

Business Hack By Digital

The fact is that many Indonesian students who study at Al-Azhar do not know the latest basic concepts of entrepreneurship, so they cannot maximize their business potential. from this motivation, Improving entrepreneurship skills for the younger generation Creating quality, creative human resources as a provision for entrepreneurship; (iii) building business networks and creating youth entrepreneurs. For participants, this activity is expected to add insight in maximizing digital marketing to develop start-up businesses. For IAI Tazkia, For business actors, this activity is expected to increase understanding of business actors regarding the steps to starting and growing the business using prototype business models and appropriate marketing tools. so that it can create entrepreneurs from the younger generation who can make good use of digital technology.

Pengabdian

Tanggal Publikasi: 20 Jul 2023

Industri Halal dan Ekonomi Digital: Peluang Bisnis dan Karir di Masa Depan

This community service aims to socialize future business and career opportunities in the halal industry  and  digital  economy  to  12th  grade  high  schoolstudents  at  5  Islamic  schools  spread  across  3 districts in West Sumatra Province. In addition, this activity also  aims to socialize the Tazkia Islamic Institute. This activity was carried out in the form of an offline seminar at the five schools.

Pengabdian

Tanggal Publikasi: 20 Jul 2023

Pelatihan dan Pendampingan Sertfikasi Halal UMKM di Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat

Sebagai salah satu destinasi wisata halal dunia, dukungan keberadaan UMKM halal di Kota Mataram Provinsi NTB menjadi penting dan strategis., memberikan pelatihan tentang regulasi sertifikasi halal, aspek-aspek sertifikasi halal, serta proses sertifikasi halal UMKM yang ada di Kota Mataram Provinsi NTB, memberikan pelatihan literasi keuangan syariah dan pengembangan bisnis dan pemasaran UMKM, menyusun database peserta sebagai UMKM binaan IAI Tazkia.. IAI Tazkia, kegiatan ini diharapkan dapat mempererat kerjasama antara IAI Tazkia dan Pemerintah Provinsi NTB dalam pengembangan Industri Halal,terutama dalam pengembangan UMKM Halal, mengenalkan IAI Tazkia secara luas kepada masyarakat, yang dapat meningkatkan citra IAI Tazkia. Bank NTB Syariah sebagai mitra utama, kegiatan ini diharapkan dapat meningkatkan nasabah dari kalangan UMKM. Peningkatan ini dapat diindikasikan dari UMKM yang membuka rekening dan mengajukan modal kerja di Bank NTB Syariah. kegiatan ini diharapkan dapat meningkatkan pemahaman UMKM tentang regulasi sertifikasi halal, aspek sertifikasi halal, proses sertifikasi halal, literasi keuangan syariah dan pengembangan pemasaran. Dengan meningkatnya pehamaman ini, diharapkan UMKM dapat mensertifikasi halal produknya dan mendapatkan sertifikasi halal dalam waktu dekat. Selain itu, dengan kegiatan ini, juga diharapkan terjadi peningkatan kompetensi pelaku UMKM.

Pengabdian

Tanggal Publikasi: 20 Jul 2023

Laporan Pelatihan Digital Marketing Export Di Arab Saudi

Faktanya banyak WNI yang kuliah berdomisili di Arab Saudi belum mengetahui konsep dasar pemasaran digital terkini sehingga belum bisa memaksimalkan potensi usaha. kegiatan pelatihan Digital Marketing Export ini memiliki banyak tujuan Meningkatkan kemampuan pemasaran digital bagi para generasi muda,Menciptakan sumber daya manusia yang berkualitas, kreatif sebagai bekal dalam berwirausaha,membangun jejaring bisnis dan menciptakan eksportir muda. kegiatan ini diharapkan dapat menambah wawasan dalam memaksimalkan digital marketing untuk mengembangkan bisnis start-up. IAI Tazkia, kegiatan ini diharapkan dapat meningkatkan branding IAI Tazkia dalam keilmuan wirausaha dan digital marketing dengan nilai-nilai keislaman. Diharapkan juga kegiatan ini dapat mempererat kerjasama antara IAI Tazkia dan Persatuan Pelajar dan Mahasiswa Indonesia (PPMI) Arab Saudi dalam pengembangan potensi wirausaha berbasis digital. Dengan kerjasama ini juga diharapkan dapat mengenalkan IAI Tazkia secara luas kepada WNI Arab Saudi yang pada gilirannya dapat meningkatkan citra IAI Tazkia di Arab Saudi. pelaku usaha, kegiatan ini diharapkan dapat meningkatkan pemahaman para pelaku usaha mengenai langkah-langkah memulai dan mengembangkan bisnis dengan menggunakan prototype model bisnis dan marketing tools yang layak. sehingga dapat mewujudkan wirausahawan- wirausahawan dari generasi muda yang dapat memanfaatkan teknologi digital dengan baik.

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 18 Jul 2023

Islamic Business and Performance Management: The Maslahah-Based Performance Management Systemd

his unique book discovers a new dimension in the study of strategic and performance management in Islamic Business studies. It addresses the missing link of spirituality from modern-day organizational structure in the presence of high-tech pressure in all areas of human endeavours. The authors propose an integrated study of Islamic business approach to strategic and performance management systems to achieve sustainable organizational performance. The book explores employees’ wellbeing and organizations’ perceiving work environment as a spiritual pathway to cultivate values in Islamic business ecosystem to sustain humanity. It is all about care, empathy, and sustenance of others, about truthfulness and management being truthful to themselves and others and endeavouring to live their values more effusively while performing their work. The book stresses the impact of spirituality in performance management, concluding that for any organization to run efficiently, spirituality is the core component to attain happiness, contentment, and success.

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 18 Jul 2023

Analisis Tracking Error: Suatu Kajian pada Kinerja Jakarta Islamic Indeks (JII) terhadap Indeks Harga Saham Gabungan (IHSG)

Replicating and benchmarking are important step in applying indesing strategy whereas method used to measure performance of replicating index to its benchmark as tracking error, error tracking defined as volaitility of difference of return between replicating index to its benchmark. This research study applying of method of tracking error at JII return and IHSG return. Used data coming from daily closing data,weekly, early final, and final monthly at Jakarta Stock Exchange of January 2001 till December 2003, the value of tracking error are deviate which the value of tracking error