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Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 26 Sep 2023

Impact of Financing Problems on Baitul Mal wa Tamwil during Covid-19

This study evaluates the cause and effect of financing problems on Baitul Mal wa Tamwil (BMT) during COVID-19 and analyzes the strategy taken by BMT to handle financing problems. This study is qualitative research. The primary and secondary data were obtained from observations, interviews, and documentation. The informants of the study are top management and members of BMT Al Hidayah Kotaraja Lombok Timur. The data are analyzed using the FMEA (Failure Mode and Effect Analysis) approach. The FMEA method is a systematic method used to identify and prevent problems in a company's product or business process. All process is calculated in a score, namely Risk Priority Number (RPN), and shown in the Pareto diagram. Financing problems are categorized as substandard, doubtful, and bad financing. The causes of financing problems are, among others, the employee’s lack of ability to assess the personality of the prospective debtors in fulfilling their installments, and natural disasters (the COVID-19 pandemic) that may affect someone’s financial ability. Financing problems have an impact on the emergence of financing risk. BMT Al Hidayah Kotaraja is also directly impacted by the inefficient money flow because monthly profit sharing still needs to be distributed to the members. The main factor causing this problem is staff members' inability to evaluate potential debtors. Additionally, the company's approach to these financing problems has not been working. The management, in that case, focused on the debtors instead of their employee’s capability. In that circumstance, the management ought to focus on improving the capacity of their staff to evaluate potential members. According to this study's findings, the FMEA is applicable in resolving finance issues in BMT.

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 22 Sep 2023

 syariah fintech growth in industriy revolution 5.0

Currently, the development of fintech (financial technology) is growing in Indonesia, not to mention the syariah economic industry is also competing in financial technology and providing financial services based on Islamic law. A number of studies have shown the potential of sharia fintech applications, along with the future challenges that will be face by syariah fintech in Indonesia. ALAMI Sharia is one of the pioneers in the field of syariah fintech with the specification of crowdfunding funds from the public and channeling it to encourage the development of MSMEs that have difficulty getting capital injections from banks. The growth of ALAMI Sharia which has drastically increased in just 3 years is an interesting case study to discuss that it can become learning material for other syariah fintech. Operational cost efficiency, Strict funding assessment standards, employees dominated by young generations, conducive office-culture, and human resource management that not only emphasizes target achievement but alignment of productivity with Islamic values that are consistently applied have proven to be able to turn ALAMI Sharia into the best syariah fintech in Indonesia today.

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 19 Sep 2023

The Influence of Islamic Service Quality and Trust on Customer Satisfaction and Intention in Reusing The Services in The Implementation of Umrah and Special Hajj Pilgrimage.

Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, kualitas pelayanan islami y perusahaan travel dan kepercayaan jamaah memiliki pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap kepuasan pelanggan yang dirasakan oleh jamaah umroh dan haji khusus,

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 15 Sep 2023

INTERNAL CONTROL AND BUSINESS SUSTAINABILITY OF ANTI-RIBA COMMUNITY

This study aims to analyze the internal control practices of the Anti-Riba Community in the Sharia property business.  This study applies a case study method using PT Azzura Griya Utama, a Shariah property business, as the research object. Data were collected using in-depth interviews with the company’s CEO and described qualitatively. The findings show that the internal control components, to some extent, have been implemented in the company. As a high-risk potential business, because it does not involve banks in their transactions with customers, it appears to need mechanisms and procedures to mitigate risks if customer problems occur. The company relies on control that is more personal and cultural by strengthening education on Sharia values. Other components of internal control continue to be improved as the company realizes the business is growing.

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 8 Sep 2023

The Thoughts of Sheikh Al Maududi and Ayatollah Baqir Shadr on Interest

The past victories of Islam were weakened by stagnating scientific progress, slowing Muslim economic growth, and weakening military power in Islamic countries, and were easily defeated by the West. During this period, scholars were stigmatized as closed doors to Izhad and experienced a so-called sluggishness in which there was little development and innovation in both religion and science. Open the door to Ijtihad such as Johor ulema Dato' Syed Salim Abdullah al-Attas (1873-1899), Dato' Abdullah Musa (1899-1907), Syed 'Abd Qadir Muhsin al-Attas (1909 -1933) ) and Syed Alwi Tahir al-Haddad (1933-1941). Currently, Muslims are undergoing various attacks from scientific and economic aspects, especially in relation to interest, and until now, there are still some Muslims who do not consider interest, especially bank interest, to be haram. It's a pity. That's why scholars tried to empower Muslims, such as Sunni Abul Ala al-Moudi and Shia Sheikh Bakr Sadr. This study uses a literature review method with reference to selected journals and books and aims to explore whether there are differences between Sunnis and Shiites regarding this interest.

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 31 Agt 2023

SHARIA STARTUP DEVELOPMENT MODEL THROUGH BUSINESS INCUBATORS

Startups have an important role in economic development, but they also have a high failure rate. A business incubator is an institution that aims to help startups with services and resources to facilitate their development. However, currently there is no business incubator that specifically specializes in developing sharia startups. This study has objectives to (1) describe the structure of the incubation model in the current business incubator, (2) identify the needs of startups in developing their business from the sharia side and (3) propose the development of an incubation model for the right business incubator for sharia startups. Methods of data analysis in this research using a qualitative study where business incubators and sharia startups are interviewed about the incubation process model and the business needs of sharia startups. The results of this study are (1) the three incubation models of the three business incubators consist of a process that is divided into 3 stages, namely pre-incubation, incubation, and post-incubation, but the three business models are not suitable for developing a sharia startup business. Startups hope to participate in a business incubation program that supports their business in terms of sharia. (2) The results of research on startup needs in developing their business found that 50% of startups need knowledge of sharia muamalah fiqh knowledge principles, 25% of startups need digital branding training according to sharia, 50% of startups need networking and mentoring with mentors who have experience and expertise in the field. sharia sector and the most dominant is 75% startups need access to sharia business funding. (3) Therefore, the results of the last study, the researchers developed an incubation model based on the needs of sharia startups which have differences in the general/conventional incubation model, namely the addition of sharia-based activities at each stage. In the pre-incubation stage, namely the selection process for sharia-based startups, introduction to sharia economics and sharia digital training capabilities. In the incubation stage, namely knowledge of sharia muamalah fiqh, networking and mentoring with mentors who have experience and expertise in the field of sharia and character training of Muslim entrepreneurs. In the post-incubation stage, namely access to sharia business funding and a network of Muslim entrepreneurs.

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 8 Agt 2023

Pengaruh Transfer Pricing Dan Profitabilitas Terhadap Penghindaran Pajak Pada Perusahaan Konglomerasi Yang Terdaftar Di Issi

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mencari tahu apakah terdapat pengaruh tranfer pricing dan profitabilitas terhadap penghindaran pajak yang terjadi pada perusahaan konglomerasi yang terdaftar di ISSI.Metode : Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif. Teknik pengambilan data penelitian ini menggunakan purposive sampling yang diuji dari tiga puluh dua perushaan konglomerasi yang terdaftar di ISSI pada tahun 2019-2020. Teknik analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis regresi linear berganda data panel.vHasil/Temuan : Hasil analisis dari penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa (1) tranfer pricing tidak berpengaruh terhadap penghindaran pajak, (2) Profitabilitas secara signifikan tidak berpengaruh terhadap penghindaran pajak.

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 4 Agt 2023

Functionalization of Cash Waqf for Solving Poverty Problems in Indonesia

Increased economic power and growth in a country can be signaled from indicators of poverty levels and economic weakness. Poverty is the main reason for moral hazart and the unstable economy of a nation. Cash waqf exists to solve and overcome these socio-economic problems. Cash waqf has universal power and strength where every individual will be able to donate wealth without certain limits. Cash waqf is also very strategic in building and presenting employment areas and reducing unemployment in selective production activities according to Sharia rules and benefits. waqf has the potential to empower the real sector and strengthen economic fundamentals. Through the instrument of cash waqf, poverty alleviation can be overcome through the hands of the Government in the channel of community empowerment programs. The target of waqf in Indonesia is actually able to create social welfare for the community as the goal of economic justice, hence the need for effective waqf nadzir governance. Cash waqf has tremendous economic potential to take care of the mustadh'afiin group as well as to alleviate poverty, especially because the sociological conditions of the Indonesian people are Muslim so that waqf funds that can be collected from the community are very possible

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 2 Agt 2023

Halal Research During COVID-19 Pandemic: A Bibliometric Analysis

After the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been a worldwide increase in awareness of the concept of halal. During this crisis, the number of research papers published on Halal and COVID-19 has also increased, possibly due to the increased reliance on the internet. This study conducts a systematic review and bibliometric analysis of 156 relevant papers, using Google Scholar and Harzing Publish or Perish, to identify trends and provide future research directions in the field of halal studies. The result of Vosviewer shows that there are six clusters of keywords with a significant number of studies discussing halal tourism and halal food. Indonesia and Malaysia are frequently studied on this topic. Towards the end of the pandemic, the topic of halal tends to increase in certification issues.

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 2 Agt 2023

Gen Z and Support Towards Islamic Commercial and Social Finance Integration

e integration of Islamic commercial and social finance is receiving increasing attention, especially as the global economy attempts to recover from the aftermath of Covid-19. Therefore, it is important to examine what factors contribute to the success of the integration of Islamic commercial and social finance. One form of integration is operational integration between Islamic banks and ZISWAF institutions (zakat, infaq, sadaqa, and waqf). These institutions could offer various joint products, including specialized savings accounts where profit sharing is distributed directly to the social institution rather than to the account holders. The objective of this study is to analyse the determinants of Generation Z's intention to support the program. The Partial Least Square-Structural Equation Model is used to analyse the responses of 425 Muslim Gen Z in Bogor. The result shows that attitude, religiosity, knowledge, functional factor, and trust have a significant and positive influence on the intention to support the Islamic commercial and social integration. Moreover, trust also moderates the positive influence of knowledge on Gen Z intention

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 1 Agt 2023

Unlocking Inclusive Growth: The Impact of Shariah Investment in Indonesia

This study aims to examine the role of Shariah investment in inclusive growth in Indonesia. Shariah investment is measured through Shariah stocks and Sukuk. The study also adds several control variables adopted from separate literature, including the effect of the Covid-19 pandemic, as determinants of inclusive growth. Unlike previous studies, testing is employed using several different measurements of inclusive growth. Using principal component analysis (PCA) to measure the composite index of inclusive growth and time series regression models with monthly data at the national level throughout 2011-2022, this study produces several main findings. There is evidence that Shariah investment plays a role in inclusive growth in Indonesia, although the results are quite varied. Shariah stocks were found to play a significant role in reducing poverty and unemployment, while Sukuk played a role in reducing poverty and inequality. At the same time, both were able to promote the strengthening of the Human Development Index (HDI) and overall quality of inclusive growth. This study also found that the Covid-19 pandemic was significant in suppressing the performance of inclusive growth in Indonesia.

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 1 Agt 2023

 How do Islamic banks manage liquidity risk? An empirical survey on the Indonesian Islamic banking industry

This paper is an empirical survey of Indonesian Islamic bank’s depositors and Islamic bankers. By using an online questionnaire posted in survey website provider, namely www.surveymonkey.com, the survey was conducted from January to March 2009. There are 408 depositors and 17 Islamic bankers (Directors, General Managers, Head of Risk Management Team/Division) who participated in the survey. All (five) Islamic banks (BUS) and twelve Islamic banking unit (UUS) have been represented and all banker respondents correspond to 97% of all Islamic banking institutions. Every individual and Islamic banker had the same chance to be selected since there is no category of respondent (simple random sampling).

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 1 Agt 2023

Annuity and proportional pattern on murabahah financing and its effect on achievement of target market share islamic bank

Acceleration of Islamic banking in Indonesia is still slowed down so the target of Islamic banking Market Share of 5% has not been met. One factor that into the size of the increase in the Market Share of Islamic banking is the amount of financing (Murabaha) provided by Islamic banks. The purpose of this study is to examine the annuity and proportionate pattern in Murabaha financing and its impact on the achievement of the target Market Share of Islamic banks the period January 2001 - March 2015 resulting in a range of markup and the Down Payment (DP) policy which is ideal for the financing pattern annuity and proportionate in Murabaha Islamic banking in achieving Market Share targets. The analytical method used is the simulation of Murabaha financing. The results shows that the financing annuity and proportionate pattern in Murabaha Islamic banking with a mark-up consumer credit rate and DP 10% experienced an upward trend although the increase is still volatile from 2001 to 2015. The financing annuity and proportionately pattern significant in realizing the target achievement banking Market Share sharia 5%. This is due to the increase in total profit and total assets of Islamic banking due to the percentage mark up consumer credit rate more than 10% DP, Acceleration of Islamic banking in Indonesia is still slowed down so the target of Islamic banking Market Share of 5% has not been met. One factor that into the size of the increase in the Market Share of Islamic banking is the amount of financing (Murabaha) provided by Islamic banks. The purpose of this study is to examine the annuity and proportionate pattern in Murabaha financing and its impact on the achievement of the target Market Share of Islamic banks the period January 2001 - March 2015 resulting in a range of markup and the Down Payment (DP) policy which is ideal for the financing pattern annuity and proportionate in Murabaha Islamic banking in achieving Market Share targets. The analytical method used is the simulation of Murabaha financing. The results shows that the financing annuity and proportionate pattern in Murabaha Islamic banking with a mark-up consumer credit rate and DP 10% experienced an upward trend although the increase is still volatile from 2001 to 2015. The financing annuity and proportionately pattern significant in realizing the target achievement banking Market Share sharia 5%. This is due to the increase in total profit and total assets of Islamic banking due to the percentage mark up consumer credit rate more than 10% DP]

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 1 Agt 2023

Determinants of Islamic Performance Ratio in Islamic Banks with Return on Assets as Moderating Factor

The plan of the Indonesian government that wants to make Indonesia the center of the world's Islamic economy and finance must be supported by all stakeholders. Therefore, as one of the vital elements in the Islamic financial ecosystem, Islamic banks need to have an excellent performance to increase the trust of the national and international community. In addition, Islamic banks with different operational principles from conventional banks should have different performance measurements compared to performance measurements from conventional banks. The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors that can potentially affect the Islamic Performance Ratio (IPR). These factors include independent variables consisting of financing, the distribution ratio (Financing to Deposit Ratio-FDR), labor cost ratio (LCR), promotion cost ratio (PCR), financing quality ratio (Non-Performing Financing-NPF), ratio distribution of financing to micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) and Return on Assets (ROA). Furthermore, to determine the relationship between financial performance indicators in

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 31 Jul 2023

Tujuan penelitian yaitu mengembangkan model inovasi financial technology Fintech Micro BMT (FIT) lembaga keuangan mikro syariah Baitul Maal wa Tamwil (BMT) skala APEX asosiasi. Penelitian menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan teknik analisis deskriptif. Data yang digunakan adalah data primer dari wawancara dan data sekunder dari studi literatur. Analisis inovasi model dilakukan menggunakan kerangka kerja Business Model Canvas, digambarkan dalam prototipe dasar aplikasi dan fitur skema bisnis, kemudian dilengkapi dengan penjelasan sistem akuntansi pelaporan keuangan sederhana BMT dan UMKM, serta model credit scoring. Hasil dari penelitian ini yaitu suatu model Fintech Micro BMT yang memaksimalkan utilitas fungsi komersial BMT (memperluas market share) dan sosial (ZISWAF), mengatasi masalah kesenjangan likuiditas (mismatch). Kedua fungsi tersebut didukung dengan manajemen bisnis dan pelaporan akuntansi serta model credit scoring yang profesional. Fintech Micro BMT juga mewujudkan misi triple bottom line BMT yaitu pengembangan ekonomi, pemberdayaan masyarakat, dan dakwah untuk dapat berkelanjutan. Penggunaan Fintech Micro BMT diharapkan dapat membantu BMT meningkatkan perannya dalam memperluas jaringan keuangan mikro syariah, mendorong kolaborasi antar BMT di Indonesia, meningkatkan volume transaksi keuangan BMT dan mengintegrasikan para pelaku UMKM sebagai penerima pembiayaan dan donatur ZISWAF dengan BMT, mendorong pasar lebih transparan, serta mengurangi risiko asimetri informasi dalam proses pemberian pembiayaan.

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 30 Jul 2023

Analisis Efektifitas Distribusi Dana Zakat pada Baitul Mal Tazkia dengan Zakat Core Principles (ZCP)

The purpose of this research was to examine the effectiveness of the distribution of zakat funds at Baitul Maal Tazkia.  The method used is Mixed Method (qualitative and quantitative), which primary data is generated from the observations, direct documentation, interviews with the Chairman or Staff of Baitul Māl Tazkia, and secondary data is from literature studies related to the topic.  The quantitative method that uses the 10th Zakat Core Principle measurement ratio is DCR (Disbursement Collection Ratio). Based on ZCP, the effectiveness of Baitul Maal Tazkia's distribution of zakat funds for 4 years of operation is 55% or is included in the Fairly Effective category (quite effective) where the Disbursement Collection Ratio (DCR) reaches 50-69 percent, with the amount collected during the 2017 to 2017 period.  2020 amounting to Rp 4,536,153,278.  The distribution amount for 2017 to 2020 is IDR 2,472,687,990

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 30 Jul 2023

Determinants of Micro and Small Enterprise’s Interest to Participate in Self-Declare Halal Certification

The Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) market share is expected to increase with the halal certification of their products and services. However, MSEs have limited resources. In response, the Government introduced a self-declare halal certification program in 2022. From the total number of MSEs, which reached 8.7 million units as of March 2023, only about 79 thousand have self-declare halal certificates. Therefore, this study aims to analyze internal and external factors that influence the interest of  MSEs towards halal certification through a self-declare scheme. The study involves 86 MSEs respondents from Bogor, West Java. Using Partially Least Square (PLS) with a second-order approach. The findings reveal that internal factors marginally affect MSE's interest to pursue self-declare halal certification. The three strongest indicators of internal factors are: (1) improving human resource performance, (2) increasing efficiency and financial returns, and (3) awareness of religiosity. Interestingly, external factors do not influence the interest of MSEs to obtain self-declare halal certification, except for government policy, which significantly impact the intention in the first-order test. The main implication of this research is the importance of more substantial government support to help MSEs obtaining halal certification such as socialization, training as well as mentoring Halal Self Declare Certification at an affordable cost.

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 30 Jul 2023

Determinants of Micro and Small Enterprise’s Interest to Participate in Self-Declare Halal Certification

The Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) market share is expected to increase with the halal certification of their products and services. However, MSEs have limited resources. In response, the Government introduced a self-declare halal certification program in 2022. From the total number of MSEs, which reached 8.7 million units as of March 2023, only about 79 thousand have self-declare halal certificates. Therefore, this study aims to analyze internal and external factors that influence the interest of  MSEs towards halal certification through a self-declare scheme. The study involves 86 MSEs respondents from Bogor, West Java. Using Partially Least Square (PLS) with a second-order approach. The findings reveal that internal factors marginally affect MSE's interest to pursue self-declare halal certification. The three strongest indicators of internal factors are: (1) improving human resource performance, (2) increasing efficiency and financial returns, and (3) awareness of religiosity. Interestingly, external factors do not influence the interest of MSEs to obtain self-declare halal certification, except for government policy, which significantly impact the intention in the first-order test. The main implication of this research is the importance of more substantial government support to help MSEs obtaining halal certification such as socialization, training as well as mentoring Halal Self Declare Certification at an affordable cost.

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 30 Jul 2023

Decoding Islamic Wealth Management from Qur’anic Texts

Islamic wealth management is one of the new emerging financial service industries that attract many wealthy people to trust their assets managed in accordance with Islamic values and principles. Islamic wealth management is distinct from the conventional conception of wealth management from the philosophical foundation. Therefore, Islamic wealth management’s philosophical foundation is fundamental to understanding wealth management from the Islamic perspective. The paper aims to redefine the contemporary concept of wealth management from an Islamic perspective derived from the Qur’anic perspective. The finding shows that Islamic conception of wealth management from Qur’anic framework is very comprehensive that cover all philosophical foundation; ontology, epistemology, and axiology. The Islamic wealth management process contends three aspects: (1) wealth creation, (2) spending

Penelitian

Tanggal Publikasi: 30 Jul 2023

Determinants of Micro and Small Enterprise’s Interest to Participate in Self-Declare Halal Certification

The Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) market share is expected to increase with the halal certification of their products and services. However, MSEs have limited resources. In response, the Government introduced a self-declare halal certification program in 2022. From the total number of MSEs, which reached 8.7 million units as of March 2023, only about 79 thousand have self-declare halal certificates. Therefore, this study aims to analyze internal and external factors that influence the interest of  MSEs towards halal certification through a self-declare scheme. The study involves 86 MSEs respondents from Bogor, West Java. Using Partially Least Square (PLS) with a second-order approach. The findings reveal that internal factors marginally affect MSE's interest to pursue self-declare halal certification. The three strongest indicators of internal factors are: (1) improving human resource performance, (2) increasing efficiency and financial returns, and (3) awareness of religiosity. Interestingly, external factors do not influence the interest of MSEs to obtain self-declare halal certification, except for government policy, which significantly impact the intention in the first-order test. The main implication of this research is the importance of more substantial government support to help MSEs obtaining halal certification such as socialization, training as well as mentoring Halal Self Declare Certification at an affordable cost.